Reaching back to make contact with the past is one of the main pillars of Gábor Fülöp’s working method. Archaic and early art provide a fundamental basis for him. Fülöp looks upon artistic traditions both as a model of sculptural convention and as a thematic starting point for his own works, which are unique reinterpretations of traditional sculptural techniques and subjects. His focus lies on the relationship that living organisms have with each other and with their surroundings; the human body is a recurring motif. His way of looking at things is based on Eastern philosophy and pantheism. The surface of his sculptures is of key importance, for as the barrier between inside and outside, it equally separates and connects. Fülöp was inspired both by the material Ferenc Pál Dinnert used to carve his Flora and by the work’s relationship with precedents from classical sculpture. His own pantheistic version of Flora is a paraphrase of Dinnert’s work that copies the posture and the scale, and reflects both on itself and on the mythological topic. In Fülöp’s sculpture, the flowers covering the body of Flora conceal the feminine allure of the courtesan-turned-goddess of spring, whose physical charms are anyway only hinted at in the original work. This emphasises her transformation into a divine being and the way she became one with nature in springtime.
The idea for this exhibition project was prompted by the fact that barely a hundred of the works in the Hungarian National Gallery’s rich collection of nineteenth- and twentieth-century sculpture (out of a total of almost 5,000 items) are regularly on public display. Our aim is to breathe new life into some of these museum sculptures, and to make them more visible with the help of some contemporary sculptors and other artists who work in three dimensions.
The project ties in with ongoing research into the classical influences that are found in contemporary art (sculpture), especially the Hungarian sculptural traditions that survive in present-day works. Museology and archiving have become central issues in international contemporary art in recent years.
The artists invited to participate were chosen in order to reflect, in terms of generations, techniques, materials and approaches, as wide a spectrum as possible of contemporary Hungarian sculpture (to the extent permitted by the frames and scope of the project), with particular attention devoted to highlighting female sculptors, who play such a significant role in the Hungarian art scene.
Each of the guest artists was asked to select one work, or ensemble of works, from the collection of the Department of Sculpture, mainly from those that are generally kept in storage. The work had to be in a suitable condition for putting on display, of course, and served as the inspiration for a new, contemporary work, created by the artist for this project.
The artists were given a completely free hand to produce their own works however they wished, with no restrictions imposed on technique or genre (anything and everything was welcomed, from conventional statues to installations, objects, or works of digital, conceptual or any other plastic art) – the only stipulation was for the new work in each exhibit to be a reflection of some kind on the original work from the gallery’s collection, as an extension of its formal, sculptural or thematic aspects.
The works will be presented as a series of “guerrilla exhibitions”, each lasting a month, in which one or other of the gallery’s spaces will be partly occupied by a contemporary creation and its “source” from the museum collection. Every month, a new pair of sculptures will be unveiled, always in a different part of the gallery.
These brief appearances are also intended to liven up the everyday goings-on inside the Hungarian National Gallery, deliberately disrupting the daily rhythm and marking a break from the usual museum routine. Our project promises to be an exciting experiment, where the thrill is provided by the “sudden” reappearance in the exhibition space of sculptures from the warehouse – these exhibitions demonstrate that in most cases, an artwork in storage is simply going through a temporary phase, and its status can change at any time. At the same time, the contemporary works engage these sculptures from the past in a new kind of conversation, enriching them with new dimensions. This discourse takes place within the walls of the permanent collection, where the works already present can join in with their own contributions. As a result of this dialogue, visitors to the gallery can take part in a novel, interactive artistic event.
art historian, curator