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Winter Courtyard Carl Moll


Carl Moll Vienna 1861 – 1945 Vienna

Culture Austrian
Date 1905
Object type painting
Medium, technique oil on canvas

100 × 100 cm

Inventory number 83.69.B
Collection Department of Art after 1800
On view Hungarian National Gallery Building D, First Floor, From Delacroix to Vasarely – Highlights from the Collection of International Art after 1800, Baroque Hall

In 1897 Moll took part in the establishment of the Secession in Vienna, of which he was President in 1900–1901. He belonged to the circle of friends which formed around Gustav Klimt and which gave the hard core and the spiritual leadership of Secession. As a member of this group of radical experimenters he took an active part in the propagation of the Art Nouveau style, as well as in the establishment of the sovereign institutions of fine art in the conservative Imperial City, Vienna.
The balanced harmony and the lyrical athmosphere of the tonality of this painting, together with the artist’s decision to free himself from the bondage of plein-air Naturalism, were due to the influence of his Academy master, Jacob Emil Schindler. At the same time, the tight balance of the composition and the strict internal order indicates the triumph of the aesthetic principles of the revolutionary Viennese architecture. Moll’s genuinely simple landscapes usually have a peculiar, magical touch – in part due to the carefully thought-out composition and the muffled glow of the bright white colours.

Ferenc Tóth

This record is subject to revision due to ongoing research.

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