Deceased Female Saint
Old Hungarian Collection
|Object type||panel painting|
|Medium, technique||lindenwood, oil-egg tempera, gilt|
image: 140 × 94.5 cm
|Collection||Old Hungarian Collection|
|On view||Hungarian National Gallery Building D, First Floor, Late Gothic Winged Altarpieces|
In the most probably well-known medieval panel painting, we see Saint Elizabeth, pregnant with Saint John the Baptist, and Mary meeting in a place, where all elements praise the Lord. However, this idyll is only illusory: the rocks and twisting bare trees, just like the delicate flowers in the foreground, are slight allusions to the Passion. Elizabeth steps in front of the Virgin slightly bowed and as an expression of her devotion, she gently raises Mary’s left hand to kiss it.
The panel painting originates from the high altar of the church of Saint Catherine at Selmecbánya (today Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia). The altarpiece’s other image, the Adoration of the Magi, belongs to the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Lille, while the Nativity is in the parish church of Hontszentantal (today Svätý Anton, Slovakia). The Passion scenes – including the Resurrection, which bears the date 1506 and the initials MS – are held in the Christian Museum in Esztergom. The inscription has been identified as one of the painters of Veit Stoss’s high altar dedicated to Mary in Cracow, the MS thus standing for Marten Swarcz.
This record is subject to revision due to ongoing research.